TOURISM IN CUSCO
The department of Puno is located in the southern part of Peru. Presents a rugged topography with most of its cities located at high altitudes of the mountains. Bounded on the north by Madre de Dios, Tacna to the south, Bolivia to the east and west to Cusco, Arequipa and Moquegua
Its capital is Puno, on the shores of Lake Titicaca and about 3.827 meters above sea level Among the most important cities in Juliaca, Azángaro, Huancané, Lampa and Yunguyo.
The climate in the Andean region is cold and dry, with temperatures ranging between 5 th and 13 th degrees Celsius, with a rainy season of four months. In the jungle the climate is temperate, with temperatures of 15 th to 22 th Celsius.
The department of Puno has a generally flat relief because much of its territory lies on the plateau of Collao, on the shores of Lake Titicaca. To the north stands the mountain range and south Carabaya the Maritime or volcanic mountains.
Between 800 and 1200 A.D. the highlands, now shared by Peru and Bolivia, saw the development of the Tiahuanaco culture. A civilization whose influence, especially in the religious sphere, was felt in almost all Peru. Skillfully developed the architecture, stone sculpture, ceramics and textiles, leaving all its parts, a religious iconography which have not yet fully understand. With the decline of Tiahuanaco power, various local cultures emerged in its former dominions. Collas and Aymara emphasized over other kingdoms.
The Incas, in the fifteenth century, entered the plateau of Collao violently conquered Colla groups which inhabited both the high and lowlands. Other people like the lupacas, Azangaro pacajes and opted instead for an alliance with the Incas and established reciprocal links with the rulers of Cusco.
The Spanish conquistadores established in Cusco learned of the wealth that kept the region of Collao. Thus began, the Hispanic presence in the Altiplano.
A mid-seventeenth century, control of the mines caused Laycacota terrific battle. The Viceroy Conde de Lemos traveled to the area to pacify and then founded the present city of Puno with the name of San Carlos de Puno on November 4, 1668. Later, during the eighteenth century, the indigenous population of the region supported the rebellion of Tupac Amaru and Tupac Catari, and demanded an end to abuses by bad authorities.
In the twentieth century farmers Puna arose again, this time with Rumi Maqui Teodomiro Gutiérrez Cuevas as a leader, fought against those who tried to snatch their land.
The rural tradition has been maintained in the department whose principal activities continue to be agriculture and livestock with a view to the regional market in the southern Andes.
The music and dance folklore characterize Puno, among the most representative dances of Asillo Wifala highlight, Carnival Ichu, Llamerada, Pujllay of Santiago, the Tuntuna, khashua Capachica Machu-tusuj, the Kcajelo, the devil and the Gang Puneña.
The art of weaving wool alpaca, llama and sheep preserved among the inhabitants of the Altiplano. Likewise, make musical instruments like the charango and siku and bulls of Pucara.
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Cathedral City Puno
Downtown Visiting hours: Mon 7:30 to 12:00 and 15:00-18:00 Data seventeenth century and was built by the Peruvian architect Simon de Asto. In this construction will join the Spanish baroque and Andean elements that give the building mixed character.
Balcony of the Conde de Lemos, street intersection and street Deustua Conde de Lemos Built around 1668, can be seen only from the outside, since the entry of visitors is not allowed. According to tradition, stayed in that house Conde de Lemos when he came to the area to quell a rebellion. He is currently an exhibition at the National Institute of Culture.
Lake Titicaca, 5 blocks from the Plaza de Armas Lake Titicaca is very important in Andean mythology, legend, its waters Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo, children of the sun god and founders of the Inca Empire.
Peru and Bolivia share sovereignty over the highest navigable lake in the world (3810 meters). It has an area of 8 559 km2 and a depth of 282 meters, the average temperature of the water is 9 ° C. In the lake there are many islands to be the main Amantaní, Taquile, Soto, Anapia and the Uros, each of which is a different appeal. In reeds growing along its banks and is the habitat of birds and fish as carachi inpis, suches, silverside and vogues.
Titicaca National Reserve, a protected area created in 1987 with the objective of preserving natural resources linked to the ecosystem of Lake Titicaca and the highland bioregion. It has an area of 36 180 hectares, of which the lake are two sectors, the sector Puno with 29 150 hectares, the Ramis sector to 7 013 hectares.
In the book there have been dozens of species of birds, fish and amphibians. Birds are the most numerous, have distinguished 60 species among which are the geese, gulls, chullumpis, and Andean lapwings (there are endangered species). The flora of the lake is represented by a dozen varieties of aquatic plants among which highlights the reeds.
Dreyer Municipal Museum, Calle Conde de Lemos 289 Views: MF 7:30 to 3:30 p.m. houses ceramics, metalwork, textiles and stone sculptures pre-Inca and Inca period. Also, keep stamps and documents dating from the Spanish foundation of the city of Puno.
Arco Deustua, Jr. cdra Independence. 1 Built in carved stone, was erected by the people of Puno in memory of the patriots who fought for the independence of Peru.
Huajsapata Hill, 4 blocks. Plaza de Armas, the city west of natural viewpoint to appreciate the city and Lake Titicaca. At the top there is a monument to Manco Capac, founder of the Inca empire. It is said that the hill there are caverns and subterranean pathways that connect Puno Koricancha the temple in the city of Cusco. Huajsapata means "witness of my love."
Uros Floating Islands (3810 m), 5 km north of the city of Puno (20 minutes by boat approximately) are found in the Bay of Chucuito, cold and dry climate, is attenuated by the action of the masses evaporate water constantly. Each island is inhabited by between 30 and 50. The uro-Aymara speakers have built their houses with reed mats and are roofed with the same material (although some have replaced the traditional roof calamine). Among the islands of the Uros highlight Chulluni for being the largest, the Santa Maria, Paradise, Toronipata, the Pacha Mama and Tupiri.
Uros called themselves the "Kotsuña", "lake people", its origins date back to times before the Incas. Maintain the tradition of fishing especially for fish and wild bird hunting. The men are skillful drivers rafts of reeds, while women are expert weavers.
Amantaní Island, 36 km northeast of the port city of Puno (3 hours, 30 minutes by boat approximately) Located across the peninsula Capachica to 3 817 m, covers an area of approximately 9 km2. The flora of the island is characterized by the presence of bushes as muña, kantuta, sage, tola, patamuña. Eight communities inhabit, cultivate potatoes, maize, oca, quinoa, beans and peas.
Among the most important attractions include two natural viewpoints of the top, from which you can see the lake and the pre-Hispanic ruins of the temple of Pacha Tata, the Pacha Mama, Incachincana, Inca Tihana (chair of stones) and mummies cemetery.
Taquile Island, 35 km east of the city of Puno (3 hours by boat approximately) Located Chuchito Bay, framed by the peninsulas of Capachica and Chucuito. Its area is 6 km2, the maximum length of 5.5 km and a width of 1.5 km. Altitude between the port and the town varies slightly from 3 810 m and 3 950 m respectively. The maximum temperature is 19 º C (66.2 º F) and at least 3 º C (37.4 º F).
Traces of the past on the island date from the time pre-Inca vestiges are found in the top. The place was used as a political prison until the early twentieth century. Since 1970 the island is the exclusive property of the Taquile. Taquile is an attractive place for its people as they retain the customs, values, dress and traditional uses.
Esteves Island, northeast of the city of Puno on Lake Titicaca has important archaeological remains of Tiahuanaco cultures, Colla and Pucara. Many centuries later, during the struggle for independence, was a prison to the Spanish (1823-1824). In summer the landscape is especially attractive shrubs, wildflowers and cattails.
Chucuito, 18 km south of the city of Puno (15 minutes by car) highlight the main square and church of Santo Domingo (XVI century) and Assumption (siglo XVII).
Archaeological remains of Inca Uyo, 18 km from the city of Puno (15 minutes by car), 300 meters from the Plaza de Armas in the town of Chucuito. The archaeological site of the Inca Empire (1440-1532 AD) is also known as the "Temple of Fertility." It features a rectangular 15 x 20 meters, with walls six feet high and a door of a meter wide facing the sunrise. The building stood up and perfectly carved stone carvings. For some researchers, it would be a very important ceremonial center.
Cutimbo archaeological complex, A at km 22, Carretera Puno - Moquegua in the south of the city of Puno (20 minutes by car) you reach the exit for the pre-Hispanic cemetery Cutimbo hill that belonged to the estates of Lupacas and Collas. Although we find evidence of cave paintings of 8000 years, the main structures date from 1100 to 1450 AD There are even traces of the Incas. Dominate the landscape or pucullos chullpas, funerary towers large.
Sillustani archaeological complex, 34 km north of the city of Puno (35 minutes by car) is located on the banks of Laguna Umayo. It is famous for the chullpas circular stone towers erected to house the remains of the main leaders of the early settlers of the Collao. Some reach 12 feet tall, with a curious detail that the base diameter is smaller than the top. Within walking distance of the archaeological complex, is the Museum of Siege, in which various parts are preserved cultures Colla, Tiahuanaco and Inca.
Juli City, 84 km south of the city of Puno (1 hour, 25 minutes by car) The origin of this town dates back to the Jesuit missionary in the colony. The priests made the city a strategic center to train missionaries on their way to Paraguay and Bolivia. In the city are the churches of St. John Lateran, St. Peter Martyr and Holy Cross in Jerusalem, also the House of the Inquisition or Zavala (located in the Plaza Mayor).
Pomata City, 108 km south of the city of Puno (1 hour, 30 minutes by car) The main attraction is the church of St. James, mestizo style. Since she has an incredible view of the lake and the peninsula of Copacabana.
Pucara Village (3860 m), A 106 km north of the city of Puno (1 hour, 45 minutes by car) is renowned for its pottery, especially for its "bulls of Pucara.
Lithic Museum of Pucara, 101 km north of the city of Puno (2 hours by car) is exhibiting a collection of stone sculptures of the Pucara culture are classified into three groups: monolithic, stele and zoomorphic sculptures. It has showrooms major elements such as stone or Hatun Degollador Nakajo, Stela Lightning or Rain (about 2 meters high), ceramics and other objects.
Archaeological Complex of Pucara, 1 km from the town of Pucara (5 minutes by car) ceremonial center of the Pucara culture, built around 800 BC, reached its peak between 250 BC and 380 AD There are two distinct areas: an area composed of nine ceremonial pyramids and other cities.
SAN ANTONIO PROVINCE OF PUTIN
Putina Thermal Baths, 137 km north of the city of Puno (2 hours, 10 minutes by car) to the town of Putin Visits: Mar-D 8:00 to 21:00 The waters of the baths reach a temperature average of 39 º C (102.2 º F), has a high percentage of sodium chloride, magnesium and zinc. The locals see them as ideal for the treatment of rheumatic and skin diseases.
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Among the typical dishes of the department include:
Cancacho: pork or lamb marinated in chili and oil.
Fish Quinoa: quinoa seasoned mashed with milk and cheese.
Chairo soup beef and lamb, potatoes, beans, squash, cabbage, potato, wheat and mutton chalona or dry.
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»ACCOMMODATION CALENDAR - FESTIVALS
Fiesta Patronal Virgen de la Candelaria (Feb) Huaraz Province Puno Province Puno district of La Fiesta de la Virgen de la Candelaria comes from an old Catholic church tradition where "purified" the Virgin Mary for 40 days and 40 nights after Christmas. In addition to this event was made a solemn procession with candles and blessed is where the name of this holiday.
Today the celebration of the Virgen de la Candelaria is the most important religious celebration of Puno. Includes Mass, banquets, dances, contests and a colorful procession that brings together hundreds of the faithful.
Alacitas party and Las Cruces (3 to May 4) Provinces of San Román and Puno districts of Juliaca, Puno and Cabanillas is a special occasion where villagers offer models in various crafts fairs located in the main streets of every city .
Anniversary of the city of Puno (Nov. 4), Province of Puno, Puno district of civic events and exhibition dances through the streets of the city in charge of the college. Representation is made also of the Legend of the formation of the Inca Empire, where the couple mythical Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo leave the sacred lake in search of land where the rule base.